Repozytorium ZUT

Repozytorium ZUT jest cyfrową usługą, która gromadzi, przechowuje i udostępnia materiały cyfrowe utworzone przez społeczność akademicką Zachodniopomorskiego Uniwersytetu Technologicznego w Szczecinie




 

Najnowsze publikacje

PozycjaOpen Access
Nutritional problems of large and giant breed dogs. Part I. Puppies
(Wydawnictwo Uczelniane Zachodniopomorskiego Uniwersytetu Technologicznego w Szczecinie, 2023) Kępińska-Pacelik, Jagoda; Biel, Wioletta; Department of Monogastric Animal Sciences, Division of Animal Nutrition and Food, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Poland; Department of Monogastric Animal Sciences, Division of Animal Nutrition and Food, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Poland
Feeding dogs is not a simple matter. Dogs are one of the most diverse animal species in the world. Thousands of years of evolution of the species of domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris L.), have resulted in the fact that nowadays there are hundreds of dog breeds that differ not only in color, type of coat or character, but above all in size. No domestic animal has had a richer history of evolu tion in direct human contact than the domestic dog. Due to the growing awareness of the caregivers, the pet food market is changing dynamically. Foods are produced that are adapted to the dog’s age, lifestyle, physical activity and breed size. Despite this, often the animal’s diet is inadequate balanced. The caregivers make the mistake of choosing a food that is not adapted to the age and size of the dog. A common problem, for example, is to give puppy food to adult dogs of small breeds, although representatives of these breeds reach maturity more quickly than large breed dogs. Furthermore, the current nutritional guidelines do not provide recommended minimum and maximum amounts of any given nutrient based on the breed size of the dog. The purpose of this article is to characterize the most important nutrients, especially important in the nutrition of large and giant breed puppies.
PozycjaOpen Access
The selected elements of the chemical composition of mixtures of narrowleaf lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.) With spring triticale (x Triticosecale Wittmack) grown for green fodder
(Wydawnictwo Uczelniane Zachodniopomorskiego Uniwersytetu Technologicznego w Szczecinie, 2023) Górski, Rafał; Płaza, Anna; Faculty of Engineering and Economics, Ignacy Mościcki University of Applied Sciences in Ciechanów; Institute of Agriculture and Horticulture, Faculty of Agrobioengineering and Animal Husbandry, Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, Siedlce, Poland
Field studies were conducted in 2016–2018 at the Agricultural Experimental Station in Zawady, which belongs to the Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, located near Siedlce in the Mazowieckie Voivodeship. The aim of the conducted research was to evaluate the content of selected nutrients in mixtures of narrowleaf lupin with spring triticale harvested at two developmental stages of narrowleaf lupin. The highest content of total carbohydrates, water-soluble carbohydrates and crude ash, among the mixtures, was revealed in a mixture with 75% narrowleaf lupin and 25% spring triticale. In contrast, the highest crude fat content was found in mixtures with component shares of narrowleaf lupin and spring triticale of 75% + 25% and 50% + 50%, respectively. A higher carbohydrate and crude ash content was determined in mixtures harvested at the flowering stage of narrowleaf lupin, while higher crude fat contents were determined in mixtures harvested at the flat green pod stage of narrowleaf lupin. Among the mixtures to be grown to achieve fodder with a high content of total carbohydrates, water-soluble carbohydrates, crude fat and crude ash a mixture with 75% + 25% components of narrowleaf lupin and spring triticale, respectively, should be recommended and harvested at the narrowleaf lupin flowering stage.
PozycjaOpen Access
Polymorphism in BMAP-27 and BMAP-28 genes and their relationship with milk production traits in cattle
(Wydawnictwo Uczelniane Zachodniopomorskiego Uniwersytetu Technologicznego w Szczecinie, 2023) Hiller, Sonia; Kowalewska, Inga; Department of Genetics, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland; Department of Genetics, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland
The study aimed to analyze polymorphisms located in exon 4 of the CATHL5 gene encoding the BMAP-28 protein and in exon 4 of the CATHL6 gene encoding the BMAP-27 protein concerning milk performance parameters, such as milk yield, fat, protein, and lactose content and somatic cell count in milk. The PCR-RFLP method using the ACRS technique was used in the study to create a cleavage site for enzymes. Based on the results of genotyping, results for individual SNPs were obtained, with statistically significant differences at the P ≤ 0.05 and P ≤ 0.01. Between individual genotypes of the studied polymorphisms and selected traits of milk production.
PozycjaOpen Access
Monitoring proposition of the European badger (Meles meles)
(Wydawnictwo Uczelniane Zachodniopomorskiego Uniwersytetu Technologicznego w Szczecinie, 2023) Borucka, Agata; Faculty of Animal Breeding, Bioengineering and Conservation, Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Warszawa, Poland
The paper presents proposed methods for monitoring the European badger in Poland. In addition to the characteristics of the species, habitat requirements, threats and conservation perspectives are discussed. Based on literature data, indicators were developed to provide reliable information on population size and habitat condition. Furthermore, an example of a completed observation card and the resulting assessment is provided. Data collected in the recommended manner may help to learn about the current situation of badgers in Poland and thus contribute to the implementation of appropriate measures for their protection.
PozycjaOpen Access
Opinions of Students of Selected Areas of Study on Food Security and Food Safety
(Wydawnictwo Uczelniane Zachodniopomorskiego Uniwersytetu Technologicznego w Szczecinie, 2023) Biesiada-Drzazga, Barbara; Banaszewska, Dorota; Andraszek, Katarzyna; Zaremba, Urszula; Kaim, Sabina; Institute of Bioengineering and Animal Breeding, Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, Siedlce, Poland; Institute of Bioengineering and Animal Breeding, Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, Siedlce, Poland; Institute of Bioengineering and Animal Breeding, Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, Siedlce, Poland; Institute of Bioengineering and Animal Breeding, Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, Siedlce, Poland; Institute of Bioengineering and Animal Breeding, Siedlce University of Natural Sciences and Humanities, Siedlce, Poland
In every country and on every continent, food security is one of the most important and even fundamental human needs, and thus feeding people should be an overriding goal at the international, national, and even household level. Food security involves meeting three conditions – physical access to food, economic access to food, and production of healthy food ensuring a nutritionally optimal diet. The aim of the study was to assess basic knowledge of food security and safety among students of agriculture and medicine at the global and household level. The survey found a satisfactory level of knowledge on the subject of the research. Students indicate differences in the concepts of food security and safety as well as variation in economic access to food and the need to eliminate it. They indicate the causes of hunger and malnutrition, and particularly the need to ensure production of safe food. Most respondents regarded food security in their households as satisfactory and stated that an increase in income does not necessarily lead to an increase in expenditures on food. Irrespective of their area of study, the survey participants correctly identified the main causes of hunger and malnutrition in the world, as well as the regions and countries in which these phenomena occur. The main causes of hunger and malnutrition in the world were considered to be the increase in the population, authoritarian systems of government and associated armed conflicts, and unfair distribution of food.